In short, no, electric cars do not use oil. However it’s important to differentiate between hybrid and electric cars.
Electric cars run on a battery and an ‘EV engine’ (i.e. an electric motor, and not an internal combustion engine). Unlike oil engines, electric engines don’t use valves or pistons that require lubrication. This is why standard engine oil is not required.
Hybrid transport on the other hand does require engine oil since it uses an internal combustion engine which is needed to charge car batteries.
In terms of maintaining an electric car, oil-related tasks are of course not necessary. Despite that, there are still things to maintain in the form of:
Monitoring Battery Coolant
To cool and regulate the heat that arises from the EV-engine battery, cabin heater, and the EV power-inverter, coolant is required.
Monitoring Brake Pads
An electric car uses regenerative braking (slightly different to a traditional car braking system, but built nonetheless with brake pads). Here you can read more about how often to check and maintain your electric car brakes.
According to Wikipedia, “regenerative braking is an energy recovery mechanism that slows down a moving vehicle or object by converting its kinetic energy into a form that can be either used immediately or stored until needed.”
All modern vehicles, both electric and/or non-electric are installed with engine management systems. In some cases, these systems need to be updated from time to time. Often these updates are safety and privacy related, so it’s really important to keep an eye on any update notifications within the software interface.
Do electric cars have transmissions (gearboxes)?
In short, electric vehicles do not use standard transmissions (a transmission is a vehicle’s gearbox). Electric cars instead use one single transmission that controls and maintains the motor.
Therefore the real question to ask is the difference between an internal combustion engine and an electric motor engine.
Electric vehicles do technically use a transmission, however it greatly differs to that of a standard gearbox in terms of appearance and functionality.
However it’s important to note that sometimes (very seldomly), electric vehicles do use transmissions, however these transmissions are totally different to standard transmissions
As outlined in the previous section, traditional cars are fitted with an internal combustion engine with multiple gears. An electric engine does not require gear changes since a consistent torque-volume output occurs over a given RPM span/range, i.e. a “one-gear transmission”.
By 2030, it is estimated that there will be more than 145 million electric vehicles on the road! In 2020, there were approximately 6.9 million active electrical vehicles. This anticipated increase highlights the widespread and increasingly popular adoption of electric transport vehicles.
How far can an electric car travel?
According to getjerry.com, electric cars can travel approximately 200-250 miles before requiring a re-charge. However this estimated distance can vary greatly depending on multiple factors such as brand / model / speed / terrain traveled.
Here is an overview:
When electrical vehicles first launched, the most durable electric vehicle boasted a maximum range of approximately 109 miles. In comparison to today’s performance, as mentioned above, some vehicles can last for more than 600 miles.
This has become a reality thanks to more efficient battery life in combination with lower prices and greater accessibility.
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